4 Types of Parenting Styles for New Parents

"Your parenting style can influence your child's self-esteem and physical health in interacting with others. As a result, it is essential to ensure that your parenting style promotes healthy growth and development because how you interact with your child and discipline them will influence them for the rest of their lives.

What are Different Parenting Styles?

Researchers have discovered four distinct types of parenting styles:
  1. Authoritative
  2. Permissive
  3. Authoritarian
  4. Uninvolved
  5. Gentle Parenting
Each style approaches child raising differently, which has different advantages and disadvantages and can be distinguished by various characteristics. People frequently ask which parenting style they should use and which is the best. There is no one right way to parent, but learning more about the five major parenting styles, why they matter, how to tell which one you parent with, and how and when to adapt your approach, if necessary, can help. Often we struggle to establish a relationship with our child early in their age when they might not see us as an authority figure, which till a certain age is extremely important. However, in the initial years, when babies cannot make significant decisions on their own, and the safety, well-being & health of the child completely depends upon the parents, it is important to establish this authority safely and gently. Therefore, this article by Care For Child will help you understand the most effective parenting style for new moms. 1. Authoritative Parenting In this type of parenting, parents listen to their children while providing limits and fair discipline. They try to control children's behaviour by avoiding punishment and threats and instead relying on positive reinforcement strategies. They consider a child's point of view but do not always accept it. 2. Permissive Parenting Permissive parenting, also known as indulgent parenting, is a type of parenting style that emphasizes responsiveness. Permissive parents are nurturing and warm but hesitant to impose limits, rejecting the idea of keeping their children under control. Instead, they are emotionally supportive and responsive to their children in the same way that authoritative parents are. 3. Authoritarian Parenting Authoritarian parenting is a strict parenting style. Parents expect their children to obey the rules without question or unwillingness. It has high expectations for children and prioritizes obedience, discipline, and control over nurturing your child. 4. Uninvolved Parenting Uninvolved parenting, also known as neglectful parenting, is a lack of responsiveness to a child's needs. It has more negative connotations as a parenting style in which parents do not respond to their child's needs or desires beyond the necessities of food, clothing, and shelter. This can leave the child scarred and give them trauma they might need to deal with all their adult lives, even after understanding the facts. Therefore, this parenting style must be avoided at all costs. 5. Gentle Parenting No matter what parenting style you adopt, being gentle is extremely important. Gentle parenting is an involved style of parenting where parents show love, support and respect towards the child and their decisions. Gentle parenting doesn't mean a parent is not allowed to say NO to the child. Instead, it has to be a reasonable rejection with a logical reason that should be communicated to the child. For example, if a child is upset, holding the child, showing love, talking to them about their emotions & helping them cope with the situation is what gentle parenting would look like.


In conclusion, understanding and adopting the right parenting style is crucial for new parents as they embark on raising their children. By exploring the four parenting styles - authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and uninvolved -, parents can gain valuable insights into the best approaches to nurturing their children. Each parenting style has its strengths and weaknesses, but finding the balance between structure, warmth, and flexibility is vital. For new parents seeking the best parenting style, it's essential to remember that there is no one-size-fits-all solution. The key lies in considering the unique needs and personalities of both the child and the parents. By staying informed and open-minded, parents can adapt their approach and incorporate various parenting tips to create a loving, supportive, and effective environment for their children's growth. Important Note From Care For Child Team – Hola parents and parents-to-be! Pregnancy and parenting are a journey that becomes easier if you have the accumulated knowledge of all generations & parents at all stages with you. Care For Child is an attempt by SuperBottoms to create a one-stop destination for all your pregnancy & parenting-related queries & knowledge requirements.

Frequently Asked Questions 

Q1: What are parenting styles?

A1: Parenting styles refer to parents' approaches and strategies to raise and discipline their children. They encompass various aspects, including control, warmth, communication, and parental expectations for their children.

Q2: What are the four types of parenting styles?

A2: The four main parenting styles are authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and uninvolved.
  • Authoritative parenting: This style combines warmth, support, and reasonable expectations with consistent discipline. It involves setting clear boundaries while allowing children to have a voice and develop independence.
  • Authoritarian parenting: This style is characterized by strict rules, high expectations, and little flexibility. Parents using this style tend to be more controlling and less nurturing.
  • Permissive parenting: This style involves being lenient, indulgent, and less strict with rules and boundaries. Parents using this style often prioritize their child's happiness and may avoid conflict.
  • Uninvolved parenting: This style is characterized by a lack of emotional involvement, attention, and support from parents. They may be neglectful or disengaged, leading to a lack of guidance and nurturing for the child.

Q3: What is the best parenting style for new parents?

A3: There isn't a one-size-fits-all answer to this question. The best parenting style depends on various factors, including the child's temperament, cultural background, and the parent's values and beliefs. However, research suggests that authoritative parenting, which balances warmth and discipline, tends to be associated with positive child outcomes.

Q4: What are some parenting tips for new parents?

A4: Here are a few parenting tips for new parents:
  • Foster open communication with your child and actively listen to their thoughts and feelings.
  • Set clear and consistent boundaries while allowing for age-appropriate independence.
  • Provide a nurturing and supportive environment that encourages your child's growth and development.
  • Be a positive role model by exhibiting the behaviors and values you want your child to emulate.
  • Stay informed about child development and parenting techniques to adapt your approach as your child grows.

Q5: Can I combine different parenting styles?

A5: Yes, it is possible to combine different elements of parenting styles based on your child's needs and the situation at hand. Many parents find that a flexible and adaptable approach, considering the strengths of different types, works best for them.

Q6: How do parenting styles impact children's development?

A6: Parenting styles can significantly impact a child's emotional, social, and cognitive development. Authoritative parenting fosters positive outcomes, such as higher self-esteem, better academic performance, and improved social skills. In contrast, authoritarian and permissive parenting may adversely affect a child's well-being, leading to issues like low self-esteem or difficulties with self-regulation. Remember that parenting is a personal journey, and it's essential to find an approach that works best for both you and your child. These answers provide general guidance, but always trust your instincts and seek support from reliable resources or professionals when needed. "
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